Revolutionary AI Gadgets, Amazon uses AI robots for lifting oversized heavy predicts here and there in their storage facility. The tasks of lifting heavy objects like pushing, pulling, or picking up were carried out with pulleys or forklifts.
which was impossible for normal employees. Slipping, falling, and damaging the objects were the greatest risks as great costs were incurred when objects were broken.
Other than that, the incorporation of AI has stretched its arms to various other fields. Predicting natural disasters with technology is a piece of cake with the highest accuracy, just because of artificial intelligence (AI) software.
You would be surprised AND shocked to know the frequency of natural disasters has increased ten times when compared to the last decade. Where there were 3 disasters per year in the 1980s, now there are 13 disasters per year from 2010s onwards. The cost of death and damage is exponentially high which was not there long ago.
To curb this damage in a timely manner, AI software is the best way to predict natural calamities in time. It helps to warn people for a day or two to evacuate the areas for saving several lives. It is not only about lives but also, the prevention of infectious diseases could be better done with only the help of AI.
In this post, we would help you know how predicting natural disasters by AI is making transformations in the real world.
Understanding the Challenges of Natural Disaster Prediction
One of the major challenges that need deeper understanding is the early warning systems (EWS) that are used for predicting natural disasters. These predictions are based on the detection and analysis of the intensity of the forthcoming disaster so that a response decision-making strategy could be devised and implemented for the safety of the pertinent community.
The four pillars of EWS are technical monitoring, risk knowledge, warning service, and communication as well as dissemination of warnings to the community. The complex and dynamic nature of natural disasters creates impacts on all of these four elements, which need careful consideration of the news’ dissemination to the public for their own safety. The complex interaction of human and natural factors creates such intricacies that are difficult to predict with accuracy.
It is here when AI comes to the rescue. How? Read on in the next section.
The Role of AI in Natural Disaster Prediction
Predicting natural disasters by AI is only done for four types of disasters: earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, and tornadoes. Its high-quality data is used for forecasting the type of natural disaster that is reaching a locality. The real-time seismic data and relevant geographical information are put to use with satellite imagery for interpreting the future patterns of disasters.
Recent studies have shown that natural disaster prediction using machine learning is now more convenient than before, for rare events like earthquakes and pandemics. The severity of events could be predicted with extreme precision by using massive data sets that are comprehended with the aid of machine learning. Its complex algorithms work like magic when they deploy their sequential sampling techniques to put out efficient probabilities and predictions even when historical data is somewhat missing.
Machine learning is the key to predicting natural disasters in the future. The machine learning models are based on artificial neural networks that are similar to the connection made by neurons in the human brain. The rough mimic of the exact pattern of the neurons enables natural disaster prediction using machine learning as an artificial neural network of interconnected nodes.
Predictive Analytics and Early Warning Systems
Taking the example of detection of rare events like the pandemic, an AI software is developed that could be used to detect mortality risks of patients and their physical deterioration leading to death 20 days before. The ensemble of such an AI model uses machine learning methods like logistic regression.
Support vector machine, neural network, and gradient-boosted decision tree. It might be complicated for our common minds to thoroughly understand how the entire system works. The integration of AI with meteorological and geospatial data is done alongside real-time monitoring for generating a special alert system for the upcoming natural disaster.
Predicting natural disasters with technology like GIS display and reallocation of priority tasks are complicated actions handled seamlessly by AI. Identifying the type of damage and what precautions should be taken as a response after AI data is generated based on geospatial data is the fastest possible solution to all the problems.
What Happens After A Natural Disaster?
The role of AI is not only limited to the prediction of natural disasters but also to its risk management. For example, disaster risk management includes emergency routes and resource detection to indicate more effective roads to ensure the common public’s safety.
Artificial intelligence in disaster management also caters to structured and unstructured data so that risk alert sources are effectively managed for minimizing vulnerability and maximizing the resilience of the community.
The map overlays with the assistance of layer data are gathered within the AI system so that a platform for disaster response leaders is designed. The disaster management team becomes active to make partnerships within the disaster-hit area so that storm and hurricane alerts are generated on time for location evacuation as well as calling for resources like food, water, and shelter for the likely affected ones- all done with the support of artificial intelligence in disaster management.
Any Success Stories Yet?
No, not any particular one to mention here. However, with software like DeepOnet, the training, and analysis of effective machine learning is still under the testing phase. Enough samples are not there for the previous natural disasters and predictions of their exact patterns. With rare events and their missing historical data, the precision levels could be low as algorithms could not be sophisticatedly developed.
Still, with active learning approaches, reliable warning signs of catastrophic natural occurrences could be generated with repeated trials. Predicting natural disasters with technology like DeepOnet would signify a huge leap in scientific advancement for the prevention of future damages.
Facilitating the Adoption of AI in Natural Disasters Management
For easy facilitation and adoption of AI in natural disaster management, we need to understand its limitations first so that maximum benefits could be gained. The first limitation in its adoption is the gap between the people developing these AI algorithms and those who implement them.
People who develop these systems are often university students or new in the research field who might be unaware of the true application of AI systems in the natural disaster management arena. The stakeholders and end users are obscure to them, which makes the true effectiveness of the AI system blurred.
Multi-stakeholder strategy and inter-disciplinary cross-collaboration are obligatory for facilitating a transparent adoption of AI in natural disaster management. Scientific conferences and the establishment of more specialized committees would help in opening up doors for both these parties. It would be helpful for not only gaining funds but strengthening partnerships for supporting true capacity building for nations.
Predicting natural disasters by AI has emerged as a potential and important tool for improving catastrophe planning and response operations. Scientists, researchers, and organizations have been able to forecast and anticipate natural catastrophes with increased accuracy and timeliness by using enormous volumes of data, sophisticated algorithms, and enhanced computing capabilities.
Artificial intelligence models can analyze massive volumes of historical and real-time data, such as weather patterns, seismic activity, oceanic conditions, and other pertinent aspects, to detect patterns, correlations, and probable precursors to natural catastrophes. These predictive capabilities enable authorities to provide early warnings, evacuate high-risk regions, and properly allocate resources, thereby saving lives and minimizing damage.